The Debt Snowball

When it comes to paying off debt, there are two popular strategies that are typically encouraged:

The Debt Avalanche method or the Debt Snowball method

Both of these winter-themed strategies are effective for getting you to debt-free, but each has pros and cons.

The Debt Avalanche method

The Debt Avalanche method consists of paying off your debt with the highest interest rate first. Once it’s paid off in full, you then focus on the next highest interest rate debt, and so on, until you pay off your lowest interest rate debt last. Because you get rid of your highest interest debts first, the Debt Avalanche method saves you the most money overall. For this reason, it is mathematically the best solution to paying off your debts. Using the Debt Avalanche method, you will likely focus on paying off things like credit cards and lines of credit before you tackle traditional low-interest debts like student loans.

The Debt Snowball method

The Debt Snowball method has you paying off your smallest debt balance first, regardless of the interest rate. Once the smallest debt is paid off, you then roll the payment into the next largest debt and so on, until you pay off your largest debt balance last. By tackling your smallest debts first, you rapidly feel a sense of accomplishment whenever you pay off a balance. This gives you momentum to tackle the rest of your debt. For this reason, it is often psychologically or emotionally the best solution to pay off your debts, even if it does end up costing you more money in the long run.

What about the emotional weight of debt?

What many people tend to neglect about debt is the weight behind the balances and interest rates. Some debt simply feels emotionally or psychologically painful to carry around. This could be money we owe a friend or family member, or debt from silly mistakes like unpaid parking tickets. Whether these are small balances or 0% loans doesn’t make them any easier to ignore. Sometimes it makes sense to get rid of your emotionally heavy debts even if they are not your highest balances or highest interest rate loans.

How to Pay Off Your Debt

When it comes to deciding between the Debt Avalanche and the Debt Snowball (or any other debt repayment strategy) the first thing you have to do is make a list of all your debts, their interest rates, balances, and minimum payments.